• Dried Marijuana Leaves, Seeds, Cigarettes (Joints)
  • Dried Marijuana Flower (Bud)
  • Marijuana Smoking Pipes
  • Hashish and Hashish Oil
(1) Dried Marijuana Leaves, Seeds, Cigarettes (Joints). (2) Dried Marijuana
Flower (Bud). (3) Marijuana Smoking Pipes. (4) Hashish and Hashish Oil

Marijuana

  • Synonyms:
    Cannabis Sativa
  • Drug Class:
    Antiemetic, Appetite Stimulant, Cannabinoid, Hallucinogen
  • Street Names:
    420, Blunt (Marijuana Cigar), Buds, Chronic, Doobie (Marijuana Cigarette), Dope, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint (Marijuana Cigarette), Kryp, Kryptonite, Nail (Marijuana Cigarette), Phillie (Marijuana Cigar), Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Weed
  • Drug Testing:
    THC One Step Marijuana Drug Test
  • Summary:

    Marijuana is harvested from the flowering portion and leaves of the cannabis plant. It is typically either green or brown in color and consists of shredded leaves, whole flowers (buds), stems, and/or seeds. Marijuana is typically smoked in a pipe, water pipe (bong), rolled into a cigarette (joint), or vaporized (vaped). Marijuana might also be rolled into blunts, which are cigars that have been emptied of tobacco and refilled with marijuana. Some users also mix marijuana into foods, such as brownies, or use it to brew tea. Typical marijuana contains over 400 known chemicals. THC (delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the primary active ingredient in marijuana and is responsible for producing the desired effects.

  • Excretion:

    THC is converted into a number of metabolites, primarily 11-nor-delta-9-THC-COOH (THC-COOH). This metabolite is the target compound for most types of marijuana urine screen tests. In the 72-hour urine, 2% of a dose is excreted as 11-hydroxy-THC (as a conjugate) and trace amounts as unchanged THC. The remainder of the urinary metabolites consist largely of conjugates of 11-nor-delta-9-THC-COOH and other unidentified acidic compounds, which persist in the urine for several weeks after a single dose. Urinary concentrations of 11-nor-delta-9-THC-COOH as high as 2,705 ng/mL have been observed in frequent users.

Hashish

  • Drug Class:
    Antiemetic, Appetite Stimulant, Cannabinoid, Hallucinogen
  • Street Names:
    Hash
  • Drug Testing:
    THC One Step Marijuana Drug Test.
  • Summary:

    Hashish is marijuana that has been processed into a concentrated brick form. As a result, it contains a higher concentration of THC than unprocessed marijuana. Hashish is found in many colors, ranging from gold to black. Hashish is typically smoked in a pipe or a water pipe, often combined with marijuana.

  • Excretion:

    See Marijuana above.

Hashish Oil

  • Drug Class:
    Antiemetic, Appetite Stimulant, Cannabinoid, Hallucinogen
  • Street Names:
    Hash Oil
  • Drug Testing:
    THC One Step Marijuana Drug Test
  • Summary:

    Hashish oil is marijuana that has been processed into a concentrated liquid form. This form of marijuana contains the highest concentration of THC. Hashish oil is typically dark brown to black in color. It is typically smoked or vaporized.

  • Excretion:

    See Marijuana above.

Dronabinol

  • Drug Class:
    Antiemetic, Appetite Stimulant, Cannabinoid
  • Street Names:
    Marinol, Syndros
  • Drug Testing:
    THC One Step Marijuana Drug Test
  • Summary:

    Dronabinol is synthetically produced THC, which lacks the 400 chemicals and carcinogens associated with marijuana. It is prescribed to AIDS patients to stimulate the appetite and to cancer patients to soothe nausea associated with chemotherapy. Dronabinol is administered orally in capsule form.

  • Excretion:

    THC contained in Dronabinol is processed by the body in a fashion similar to that of THC in marijuana, with 11-nor-delta-9-THC-COOH as its primary metabolite. See Marijuana above.

References

  1. Baselt, Randall C., and Robert H. Cravey. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc., 1989.
  2. Drug Photos from the IPRC Website. Indiana Prevention Resource Center. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/prevention/iprcpics.html
  3. Marinol (dronabinol) Capsules CIII — Brand Fact Sheet. Unimed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.marinol.com/PDF/FactSheet.pdf
  4. NIDA Infofax 13551 — Marijuana. National Institute on Drug Abuse. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofax/marijuana.html
  5. (PRn) Roxane Laboratories, Inc. Issues Prescribing Information. PR Newswire 19 Feb. 1997. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.aegis.com/news/pr/1997/PR970233.html