• Benzodiazepine Pills
  • Rohypnol
Benzodiazepine Tablets and Capsules

Benzodiazepines

  • Synonyms for Benzodiazepines in General:
    Sleeping Pills, Tranquilizers
  • Street Names for Benzodiazepines in General:
    Downers, Nerve Pills, Tranks
  • Synonyms, Drug Classes, Brand Names, and Street Names for Individual Benzodiazepines:
    See table below.
  • Drug Testing:
    BZO One Step Benzodiazepines Drug Test
  • Summary:

    The benzodiazepines are central nervous system (CNS) depressants commonly prescribed for the short-term treatment of anxiety and insomnia. Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) was the first benzodiazepine produced. Diazepam (Valium) was the next to be developed and until the early 1980s, this was the most widely prescribed tranquillizer in the world. Today, newer benzodiazepines such as alprazolam (Xanax) and lorazepam (Ativan) account for most tranquillizer prescriptions.

    The widespread availability of benzodiazepines has made them common as drugs of misuse. Long-term users typically develop a tolerance to the drugs, requiring larger doses to achieve the desired effects. A psychological and/or physical dependence can develop, making it difficult to discontinue use. Some users take benzodiazepines to bring them down after using stimulants, such as cocaine, amphetamine, or methamphetamine. Others take them to enhance the effects of alcohol or other drugs. During the early 1990s, Rohypnol (flunitrazepam) became notorious as the date rape drug. Rohypnol is 7 to 10 times more potent than Valium and initial effects appear within 15 to 30 minutes of consumption. These factors are responsible for Rohyphnol's use as a date rape drug. Though never legal in the United States, Rohypnol became readily available in the black market from sources in Mexico, Latin America, and Europe. In 1996, the US Treasury Department banned all Rohypnol prescriptions from entering the country. Since then, Rohypnol use in the United States has declined.

  • Excretion:

    Excretion patterns differ greatly among the benzodiazepines.

Benzodiazepines (Synonyms) Drug Class Brand Names Street Names
Alprazolam Antipanic Agent, Antitremor Agent, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Alprazolam Intensol, Xanax Bars, Xanies
Bromazepam Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic - -
Chlordiazepoxide (CDP) Antipanic Agent, Antitremor Agent, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Librium -
Clobazam Anticonvulsant, CNS Depressant Onfi -
Clonazepam Antipanic Agent, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Klonopin -
Clorazepate Anticonvulsant, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Gen-Xene, Tranxene -
Delorazepam (CDDZ, Chlordesmethyl-diazepam) Anticonvulsant, CNS Depressant Dadumir -
Diazepam Amnestic, Anticonvulsant, Antipanic Agent, Antitremor Agent, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Diastat, Diazepam Intensol, Valium Vals
Estazolam CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic - -
Flunitrazepam CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Rohypnol Date Rape Drug, Ruphies
Lorazepam Amnestic, Anticonvulsant, Antiemetic, Antipanic Agent, Antitremor Agent, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Ativan, Lorazepam Intensol -
Midazolam Amnestic, Anticonvulsant, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic - -
Nitrazepam Antipanic Agent, Antitremor Agent, Anticonvulsant, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic - -
Oxazepam Antipanic Agent, Antitremor Agent, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic - -
Prazepam Antipanic Agent, Antitremor Agent, Anxiolytic, CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic - -
Temazepam CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic Restoril -
Triazolam CNS Depressant, Sedative-Hypnotic - -

References

  1. Benzodiazepines — Oral. HealthCentral. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.healthcentral.com/mhc/top/001811.cfm
  2. Benzodiazepines (Systemic). WebMD. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://my.webmd.com/content/article/3185.194
  3. Beyond the ABC's Information for Professionals — Tranquilizers and Sleeping Pills. Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.nadc.gov.ab.ca/aadac/addictions/beyond/beyond_tranquillizers_sleepingpills.htm
  4. Drug Information — Tranquillisers. The Centre for Recovery. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://dialspace.dial.pipex.com/town/terrace/gjl37/druginfo/tranquil.html
  5. Drug Photos from the IPRC Website. Indiana Prevention Resource Center. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/prevention/iprcpics.html
  6. Rohypnol Information Sheet. Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.wcasa.org/html/rohypnol.html
  7. Stafford, Tracy. Questions About Rohypnol. Florida House District 92. 07 Sept. 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.state.fl.us/legislature/stafford/roh.html