Benzodiazepines Information

Benzodiazepine Pills Rohypnol
Miscellaneous
Benzodiazepines
Rohypnol
(Date Rape Drug)

Benzodiazepines

  • Synonyms for Benzodiazepines in General: 
    Sleeping Pills; Tranquilizers
  • Street Names for Benzodiazepines in General: 
    Downers; Nerve Pills; Tranks
  • Synonyms, Drug Classes, Brand Names, and Street Names for Individual Benzodiazepines: 
    See table below.
  • Description: 
    The benzodiazepines are central nervous system (CNS) depressants commonly prescribed for the short-term treatment of anxiety and insomnia. Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) was the first benzodiazepine produced. Diazepam (Valium) was the next to be developed and until the early 1980's this was the most widely prescribed tranquillizer in the world. Today, newer benzodiazepines such as alprazolam (Xanax) and lorazepam (Ativan) account for most tranquillizer prescriptions.
    The widespread availability of benzodiazepines has made them common as drugs of abuse. Long-term users typically develop a tolerance to the drugs, requiring larger doses to achieve the desired effects. A psychological and/or physical dependence can develop, making it difficult to discontinue use. Some drug abusers take benzodiazepines to bring them down after using stimulants such as ecstasy or cocaine. Others take them to enhance the effects of alcohol. They are also commonly used as replacement drugs when a user's drug of first choice is not available. During the early 1990's, Rohypnol (flunitrazepam) became notorious as the date rape drug. Rohypnol is 7 to 10 times more potent than valium and initial effects appear within 15 to 30 minutes of consumption. These factors are responsible for Rohyphnol's use as a date rape drug. Though never legal in the United States, Rohypnol became readily available in the black market from sources in Mexico, Latin America, and Europe. In 1996, the U.S. Treasury Department banned all Rohypnol prescriptions from entering the country. Since then, Rohypnol use in the United States has declined.
  • Excretion: 
    Excretion patterns differ greatly among the benzodiazepines.

Note: Below list is not all-inclusive. Some brand names may no longer be in production.

Benzodiazepines (Synonyms) Drug Class Brand Names Street Names
Alprazolam Antipanic Agent; Antitremor Agent; Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Alplax; Alpronax; Alviz; Bestrol; Cassadan; Constan; D 65MT; Esparon; Frontal; Intensol; Niravam; Restyl; Solanax; Tafil; Tranax; Trankimazin; Tranquinal; Xanax; Xanor Xanies
Bromazepam Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Apo-Bromazepam; Calmepam; Compedium; Compendium; Creosedin; Durazanil; Gen-Bromazepam; Lectopam; Lekotam; Lexaurin; Lexilium; Lexomil; Lexotan; Lexotanil; Normoc; Novo-bromazepam; Nu-Bromazepam; Somalium; Ultramidol  
Chlordiazepoxide Antipanic Agent; Antitremor Agent; Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
A-Poxide; Abboxide; Apo-Chlorax; Apo-Chlordiazepoxide; Balance; CD 2; CDO; CDP; Chlordiazachel; Chlozepid; Clopoxide; Clordiazepossido; Contol; Control; Corium; Decacil; Eden; Elenium; Helogaphen; Ifibrium; Kalmocaps; Librax; Librelease; Librinin; Libritabs; Librium; Limbitrol; Lygen; Menrium; Mesural; Methaminodiazepoxide; Mildmen; Multum; Napoton; Napton; Novo-Poxide; Psicosan; Radepur; Risolid; Silibrin; Tropium; Viopsicol  
Clobazam Anticonvulsant;
CNS Depressant
Chlorepin; Clorepin; Frisium; Mystan; Urbadan; Urbanyl  
Clonazepam Antipanic Agent;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Antelepsin; Antilepsin; Cloazepam; Clonopin; Iktorivil; Klonopin; Landsen; Rivotril  
Clorazepate Anticonvulsant;
Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Chlorazepate; Gen-xene; Tranxene  
Delorazepam (Chlordesmethyldiazepam) Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant
Dadumir  
Diazepam (Methyldiazepinone) Amnestic;
Anticonvulsant;
Antipanic Agent; Antitremor Agent; Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Alboral; Aliseum; Alupram; Amiprol; An-Ding; Ansiolin; Ansiolisina; Apaurin; Apo-Diazepam; Apozepam; Armonil; Assival; Atensine; Atilen; Bensedin; Bialzepam; Calmocitene; Calmpose; Cercine; Ceregulart; Condition; Diacepan; Dialag; Dialar; Diapam; Diastat; Diazemuls; Diazemulus; Diazepam Intensol; Diazepan; Diazetard; Dienpax; Dipam; Dipezona; Dizac; Domalium; Duksen; Duxen; E-Pam; Eridan; Eurosan; Evacalm; Faustan; Freudal; Frustan; Gewacalm; Gihitan; Kabivitrum; Kiatrium; LA III; Lamra; Lembrol; Levium; Liberetas; Mandrozep; Morosan; Neurolytril; Noan; Novazam; Novo-Dipam; Paceum; Pacitran; Paranten; Paxate; Paxel; Plidan; Pms-Diazepam; Pro-Pam; Q-Pam; Q-Pam Relanium; Quetinil; Quiatril; Quievita; Relaminal; Relanium; Renborin; Ruhsitus; Saromet; Sedapam; Sedipam; Seduksen; Seduxen; Serenack; Serenamin; Serenzin; Servizepam; Setonil; Sibazon; Sibazone; Solis; Sonacon; Stesolid; Stesolin; Tensopam; Tranimul; Tranqdyn; Tranquase; Tranquirit; Tranquo-Puren; Tranquo-Tablinen; Umbrium; Unisedil; Usempax Ap; Valaxona; Valeo; Valiquid; Valitran; Valium; Valrelease; Vatran; Velium; Vival; Vivol; Zetran; Zipan Vals
Estazolam CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Cannoc; D 40TA; Esilgan; Eurodin; Julodin; Nemurel; Nuctalon; ProSom; Somnatrol  
Flunitrazepam CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Narcozep; Primun; Rohypnol; Roipnol Date rape drug; Ruphies
Lorazepam (o-Chloroxazepam) Amnestic;
Anticonvulsant;
Antiemetic;
Antipanic Agent; Antitremor Agent; Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Almazine; Alzapam; Anxiedin; Aplacassee; Ativan; Bonatranquan; Delormetazepam; Emotival; Idalprem; Lorabenz; Lorax; Loraz; Lorazepam Intensol; Lorsilan; Pro Dorm; Psicopax; Punktyl; Quait; Securit; Sedatival; Sedazin; Somagerol; Tavor; Temesta; Wypax  
Midazolam Amnestic;
Anticonvulsant;
Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Dormicum; Versed  
Nitrazepam Antipanic Agent; Antitremor Agent; Anticonvulsant;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Alodorm; Apo-nitrazepam; Apodorm; Atempol; Benzalin; Calsamin; Calsmin; Cerson; Dormicum; Dormin-5; Dormo-puren; Dumolid; Eatan; Epibenzalin; Epinelbon; Eunoctin; Eunoktin; Gerson; Hipnax; Hipsal; Ibrovek; Imeson; Imesont; Insomin; Ipersed; LA 1; Magadon; Megadon; Mitidin; Mogadan; Mogadon; Mogadone; Nelbon; Nelmat; Neozepam; Neuchlonic; Nitrados; Nitravet; Nitrazadon; Nitrazepam-10; Nitrazepam-5; Nitrempax; Nitrenpax; Noctesed; Pacisyn; Paxisyn; Pelson; Persopit; Radedorm; Relact; Remnos; Sandoz nitrazepam; Somitran; Somnased; Somnibel; Somnite; Sonebon; Sonnolin; Surem; Trazenin; Unisomnia  
Oxazepam Antipanic Agent; Antitremor Agent; Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Adumbran; Ansioxacepam; Anxiolit; Aplakil; Astress; Azutranquil; Bonare; Drimuel; Droxacepam; Durazepam; Enidrel; Hi-Long; Isodin; Lederpam; Limbial; Murelax; Nesontil; Noctazepam; Notaral; Oxa-puren; Oxanid; Pacienx; Praxiten; Propax; Psiquiwas; QUEN; Quilibrex; Rondar; Sedigoa; Serax; Serenal; Serenid; Serepax; Seresta; Serpax; Sigacalm; Sobril; Tacepam; Tazepam; Uskan; Vaben; Wy-3498 stic; Zaxopam  
Prazepam Antipanic Agent; Antitremor Agent; Anxiolytic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Alplax; Alpronax; Alviz; Bestrol; Cassadan; Constan; D 65MT; Esparon; Frontal; Intensol; Niravam; Restyl; Solanax; Tafil; Tranax; Trankimazin; Tranquinal; Xanax; Xanor  
Temazepam (Hydroxydiazepam; Methyloxazepam; Oxydiazepam) CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Apo-Temazepam; Cerepax; Crisonar; Euhypnos; Euipnos; Gelthix; Levanxene; Levanxol; Levanzene; Mabertin; Normison; Novo-Temazepam; Perdorm; Planum; Remestan; Restoril; Signopam; Temaz  
Triazolam CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Alti-Triazolam; Apo-Triazo; Clorazolam; Gen-Triazolam; Halcion; Novidorm; Novo-Triolam; Novodorm; Songar  

Sources

  • Benzodiazepines - Oral. HealthCentral. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.healthcentral.com/mhc/top/001811.cfm>.
  • Benzodiazepines (Systemic). WebMD. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://my.webmd.com/content/article/3185.194>.
  • Beyond the ABC's Information for Professionals - Tranquilizers and Sleeping Pills. Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.nadc.gov.ab.ca/aadac/addictions/beyond/beyond_tranquillizers_sleepingpills.htm>.
  • Drug Information - Tranquillisers. The Centre for Recovery. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://dialspace.dial.pipex.com/town/terrace/gjl37/druginfo/tranquil.html>.
  • Drug Photos from the IPRC Website. Indiana Prevention Resource Center. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/prevention/iprcpics.html>.
  • Rohypnol Information Sheet. Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.wcasa.org/html/rohypnol.html>.
  • Stafford, Tracy. Questions About Rohypnol. Florida House District 92. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.state.fl.us/legislature/stafford/roh.html>.