Barbiturates Information

Barbiturate Pills Barbiturate Pills
Miscellaneous Barbiturates

Barbiturates

  • Synonyms for Barbiturates in General: 
    Sleeping Pills
  • Street Names for Barbiturates in General: 
    Barbs; Downers
  • Synonyms, Drug Classes, Brand Names, and Street Names for Individual Barbiturates: 
    See table below.
  • Description: 
    The barbiturates are central nervous system (CNS) depressants derived from barbituric acid. They were once commonly prescribed for the treatment of anxiety and insomnia and are often referred to as "sleeping pills". Barbiturates are commonly divided into groups based on the onset and duration of their action. The intermediate and short-acting barbiturates are the categories most commonly abused, most notably Seconal (secobarbital) and Tuinal (secobarbital with amobarbital). Long-acting barbiturates have an onset of action of 30 to 60 minutes and a duration of action of 6 to 8 hours. Examples of long-acting barbiturates are phenobarbital and barbital. Their slow onset of action discourages their abuse. The intermediate-acting barbiturates have an onset of action of 15 to 30 minutes and a duration of action of 4 to 6 hours. Examples of intermediate-acting barbiturates are amobarbital, butabarbital, and Tuinal. The short-acting barbiturates have an onset of action of 10 to 15 minutes and have a duration of action of 2 to 4 hours. Examples of short-acting barbiturates are secobarbital and pentobarbital. The ultra-short-acting barbiturates have an onset of action of 0 to 45 seconds and a duration of action 15 minutes to 3 hours. These are barbiturates used as anesthetics. Their effects are generally felt within one minute of intravenous administration. Examples of ultra short-acting barbiturates are thiopenthal sodium, hexobarbital, and methohexital. The rapid onset and brief duration of action practically precludes the use of ultra-short-acting barbiturates in the street environment. Concern about the addiction potential of barbiturates and the ever-increasing numbers of fatalities associated with them led to the development of alternative medications. With the discovery of a safer alternative, the benzodiazepines, the medicinal use of barbiturates for treating anxiety and insomnia has been greatly reduced since the 1970's. Nevertheless, phenobarbital is still widely used as an anticonvulsant to control epilepsy and other barbiturates are used to induce and maintain surgical anesthesia and occasionally to treat depression.
  • Excretion: 
    Excretion patterns differ greatly among the barbiturates. In general, short-acting barbiturates are excreted in the urine as metabolites, while long-acting barbiturates primarily appear unchanged.

Note: Below list is not all-inclusive. Some brand names may no longer be in production.

Barbiturates (Synonyms) Drug Class Brand Names Street Names
Alphenal (Phenallymal) CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
   
Amobarbital Anticonvulsant;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Amytal; Isomytal; Tuinal Blue Heavens; Christmas Trees (Tuinal); Rainbows (Tuinal); Tooies (Tuinal)
Aprobarbital CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Alurate  
Butabarbital CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Barbased; Busodium; Butabarb; Butalan; Butatab; Butatal; Buticaps; Butisol; Medarsed; Nilox; Sarisol; Unicelles Bute; Stoppers
Butalbital (Allybarbital) CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Fiorinal; Ratio-Tecnal; Trianal  
Butethal (Butobarbital) CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Budorm; Etoval; Hyperbutal; Longanoct; Meonal; Monodorm; Neonal; Sonerile; Soneryl  
Cyclopentobarbital (Allylpental; Cyclopal; Cyclopental; Dormisan) Anticonvulsant;
Sedative-hypnotic
   
Pentobarbital Anticonvulsant;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Ancalixir; Cafergot PB; Dorsital; Ethaminal; Mebubarbital; Mebumal; Nebralin; Nembutal; Neodorm; Nova Rectal; Novopentobarb; Rivadorm Nembies; Yellow Jackets
Phenobarbital Anticonvulsant;
Antihyperbilirubinemic;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Adonal; Aephenal; Agrypnal; Amylofene; Aphenylbarbit; Aphenyletten; Barbenyl; Barbinal; Barbiphen; Barbiphenyl; Barbipil; Barbita; Barbivis; Barbonal; Barbophen; Bardorm; Bartol; Bialminal; Blu-Phen; Cabronal; Calmetten; Calminal; Cardenal; Chinoin; Codibarbita; Coronaletta; Cratecil; Damoral; Dezibarbitur; Dormina; Dormiral; Dormital; Doscalun; Duneryl; Ensobarb; Ensodorm; Epanal; Epidorm; Epilol; Episedal; Epsylone; Eskabarb; Etilfen; Euneryl; Fenbital; Fenemal; Fenosed; Fenylettae; Gardenal; Gardepanyl; Glysoletten; Haplopan; Haplos; Helional; Hennoletten; Henotal; Hypnaletten; Hypnette; Hypno-Tablinetten; Hypnogen; Hypnolone; Hypnoltol; Hysteps; Lefebar; Leonal; Lephebar; Lepinal; Lepinaletten; Linasen; Liquital; Lixophen; Lubergal; Lubrokal; Lumen; Lumesettes; Lumesyn; Luminal; Lumofridetten; Luphenil; Luramin; Molinal; Neurobarb; Nirvonal; Noptil; Nova-Pheno; Nunol; Parkotal; Pharmetten; Phen-Bar; Phenaemal; Phenemal; Phenemalum; Phenobal; Phenobarbyl; Phenoluric; Phenolurio; Phenomet; Phenonyl; Phenoturic; Phenyletten; Phenyral; Phob; Polcominal; Promptonal; Seda-Tablinen; Sedabar; Sedicat; Sedizorin; Sedlyn; Sedofen; Sedonal; Sedonettes; Sevenal; Sinoratox; Solfoton; Solu-Barb; Sombutol; Somnolens; Somnoletten; Somnosan; Somonal; Spasepilin; Starifen; Starilettae; Stental; Talpheno; Teolaxin; Teoloxin; Thenobarbital; Theoloxin; Triabarb; Tridezibarbitur; Triphenatol; Versomnal; Zadoletten; Zadonal Phennies
Secobarbital Anticonvulsant;
CNS Depressant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Barbosec; Bipanal; Bipinal; Evronal; Evronal; Hypotrol; Hyptran; Immenoctal; Immenox; Imesonal; Meballymal; Novosecobarb; Pramil; Quinalbarbital; Quinalbarbitone; Quinalspan; Sebar; Seco 8; Secobarbitone; Seconal; Sedutain; Seotal; Somosal; Synate; Trisomnin; Tuinal Christmas Trees (Tuinal); Rainbows (Tuinal); Red Birds; Seggies; Red Devils; Reds; Tooies (Tuinal)

Sources

  • Barbiturates. HealthCentral. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.healthcentral.com/mhc/top/001810.cfm>.
  • Barbiturates (Systemic). WebMD. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://my.webmd.com/content/article/3185.192>.
  • Beyond the ABC's Information for Professionals - Tranquilizers and Sleeping Pills. Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.nadc.gov.ab.ca/aadac/addictions/beyond/beyond_tranquillizers_sleepingpills.htm>.
  • Criminal Justice Home Page. Lincoln Land Community College. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.llcc.cc.il.us/justice/drugs/drugsclass.html>.
  • Drug Information - Barbiturates. The Centre for Recovery. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://dialspace.dial.pipex.com/town/terrace/gjl37/druginfo/barbs.html>.
  • Drug Photos from the IPRC Website. Indiana Prevention Resource Center. 07 Sept. 2001 <http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/prevention/iprcpics.html>.